Category Archives: Job Opportunities
Many African farmers, especially in marginal areas, rely on neglected and underutilized species (NUS) for their livelihoods. But the commercialization of NUS is constrained by a weak knowledge base, poorly developed value chains and inadequate capacity and policies. Often, bottlenecks require biophysical and socio-economic research to generate new knowledge that value chain actors can apply to increase sales and profits.
The project ‘Strengthening capacities and informing policies for developing value chains of neglected and underutilized crops in Africa’, through a grant from the EU-ACP Science & Technology programme, is seeking to develop such research capacity.
Bioversity International, the International Foundation for Science (IFS) and our partners now offer young African scientists training in the art of developing research project proposalsthat solve problems related to the value chains of Bambara groundnut and amaranth in particular, and NUS in general.
This Call for Research Applications is focused on the value chains of priority NUS plants in three sub-regions: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, and West Africa, respectively. We are interested in applications that focus on:
- The value chains of two target crops: Bambara groundnut and amaranth (grain or vegetable). Preference will be given to applicants working on these crops.
- Priority species of NUS plants, as identified at two regional workshops in 2010 (please refer to the call).
- Other NUS plants of national/regional importance.
Three regional courses will be held, targeting scientists in eligible countries only (see table below).
Download the Call for Research Applications and the Application Form on this page. Please read both carefully and follow the instructions and guidelines for submitting an application and writing the research note on your proposed project.
Deadline for application is 24 August, 2014.
Submit your complete application to the relevant email indicated in the Call and Application form. Late applications will not be considered. Only the selected participants will be notified by 10 September 2014.
|27-31 Oct 2014||Zimbabwe||Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe||Africa University, Zimbabwe|
|3-7 Nov 2014||Kenya||Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda||University of Nairobi, Kenya|
|17-21 Nov 2014||Benin||Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, The Gambia, Togo||Laboratory of Agricultural Biodiversity and Tropical Plant Breeding (LAAPT), Benin, in collaboration with University of Lomé, Togo|
The Abdou-Salam Ouédraogo Fellowship strengthens the capacity of young forestry scientists (under 40 years of age) in sub-Saharan Africa.
The 2014 Fellowship is targeting research on forest genetic resources aspects of trees relevant to people’s livelihoods.
Applications should contain a research note that addresses a topic within the following priority areas: diversified forest/woodland management, conservation of tree genetic resources, and restoration of forested landscapes.
The Fellowship amounts up to US$ 10,000 and should be completed within 12 months.
Please read carefully the fellowship announcement and the application form below and follow the instructions and guidelines for submitting an application and writing the research note on your proposed project.
Deadline for application is 24 August, 2014.
Submit your complete application to the email indicated in the ASO Fellowship Announcement and Application Form.
Download Fellowship documents
For more details, visit Bioversity International.
The Youth Citizen Entrepreneurship Competition is an exciting new opportunity to develop your innovative ideas and projects to create positive change in your community and the world. With support and feedback from peers around the world, you can turn your passion for a better world into reality.
The Youth Citizen Entrepreneurship Competition is an international contest launched by The Goi Peace Foundation, Stiftung Entrepreneurship (Berlin) and UNESCO. The competition provides a global platform for young entrepreneurs who aspire to create positive change in their communities.
By highlighting the best examples of youth entrepreneurship, the competition aims to empower the young generation to take the initiative in social innovation and become pioneers in building a harmonious and sustainable society. With their innovative ideas and leadership, these global citizens will tackle some of the key challenges of today and offer a model of the entrepreneurial potential that will fuel our future.
All participants will receive free training at the online Entrepreneurship Campus. This training provides methods and techniques for developing ideas into solid business models, to turn a budding idea into a fully developed concept, or to improve on an existing business model.
Everyone has the potential to become an entrepreneur.
You do not have to be born as an entrepreneur,
you do not have to work twelve hours a day,
and you do not need a patent or a lot of capital.
You do not even need detailed knowledge of business management,
legal issues, marketing, or finance.
You only have to start your company from pre-existing components or by working in a team
to complete the missing competencies, instead of building everything yourself.
It is not easy, but you can do it!
You have the power to become a successful entrepreneur!
Deadline for submission of Idea: 30th June, 2014
Intra-ACP Academic mobility Project: Inter-University Co-operation to Train Crop Scientists for Enhancing Agriculture in Africa (CSAA)
25 Mar 2014
What is the programme about?
The ACP-EU under its academic mobility programme, Mwalimu Nyerere, has provided funding to support training of graduate students in African universities. In this mobility programme twelve African partner institutions will collaborate in the training of professionals to enhance agricultural productivity and assure food security for sub-Saharan Africa.
43 Masters and 20 PhD will be trained in the thematic areas of Plant Production and Protection, Environment and Adaptation to Climate Change, Management of Protected Areas and Natural Grasslands, Dryland Management for Agriculture, Agro-forestry and Environment, Research Methods and Approaches in Agriculture and Women and Gender in Agriculture. In addition 10 administrative staff will participate in a capacity building program mainly in areas of financial and international student management among others. Mobility partners will either act as sending and/or hosting institutions. The project will provide fellowships for full degree programs (PhDs and MSc) as well as short term mobility for students and staff and will run from 2014 until 2018.
The project is expected to contribute to a) access to quality education and training b) resource rationalization c) regional networking and peer support d) quality assurance and student mobility e) hasten training of mid-carrier level scientists f) providing new cadre of scientists and provide mobility of staff and students.
The Call for applications will open on 05th February 2014 and will close on 25th March 2014. All applications sent to the host institution and co-ordinating will be submitted online.Information on host institutions and their admission requirements will be placed on the programme website. Please note that candidates will only be allowed to apply to institution outside of their home countries. Female candidates are particularly encouraged to apply.
25 Mar 2014
In the EU funded project Fishboost, the Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre of Wageningen University has a vacancy for a PhD student for four years.
The aim of FISHBOOST is to improve the efficiency and profitability of European aquaculture by advancing selective breeding to the next level for each of the six main finfish species (Atlantic salmon, common carp, European seabass, gilthead seabream, rainbow trout and turbot) through collaborative research with industry. Within this EU-funded project, the PhD candidate will contribute to the work package on economic evaluation of fish breeding in Europe. This work package aims for the six target species:
- to perform an economic review of existing breeding programs;
- to perform an economic assessment of traits;
- to perform a cost‐benefit analysis of existing breeding programs;
- to compare the impact of alternative selection indices.
We are looking for a versatile team player with the following qualities:
- A motivated researcher with MSc degree
- Relevant experiences in animal breeding, economics, modelling or a related field
- Basic understanding of fish breeding and aquaculture is an asset
- Good understanding of economic analysis
- Affinity with modelling and statistical data analysis
- A keen interest in fundamental and applied research
- Has creative, innovative ideas and can initiate independently research
- Accurate in performing research
- Ability to execute the tasks as defined in the project proposal
- Excellent spoken and written communicative skills in English
We offer a full-time employment (38 hours a wee) as PhD research with the animal Breeding and Genetics Group for 18 months with a possible extension of 30 months after a positive evaluation. The gross salary will increase from € 2799,- in the first year to € 3831,- per month in the fourth year (baed on fulltime employment).
Additional information can be obtained from dr. Hans Komen, e-mail:email@example.com
How to apply
You can apply till 25 march 2014. Please don’t email directly to the person mentioned above, but use the website to apply and upload your CV and short motivation letter.
Department of Animal Sciences, Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre
The Animal Breeding and Genetics Centre (ABGC) provides education and generates knowledge on the role and sustainable use of genetic variation in animals. ABGC contributes to our quality of life by generating knowledge to support the adequate supply of safe and healthy food of animal origin, and to enhance the health, welfare and productivity of animals. The group combines expertise in quantitative and molecular genetics related to the biological functioning of animals at population level. ABGC studies genetic variation in farm and companion animals, and examines opportunities to use naturally occurring genetic variation in selection schemes.
14 well-recognised RTD participants in Europe on aquaculture breeding will collaborate in this five year comprehensive research project with 7 SMEs, 4 large industries and 1 NGO throughout Europe. A mixture of low and high-tech technological advances will be developed to move the breeding programmes of the six main fin fish species to the next level. This step-change advance will facilitate balanced and sustainable breeding programmes applying a wide set of traits, breeding tools and technologies. For more information please visit Fishboost.
- Last application date: Feb 15, 2014 12:00
- Department: LA01 – Department of Agricultural economics
- Contract: bepaald
- Degree: MSc-level university degree in in a relevant field Bioengineer, Economics, Political Science with specialisation in the field of econometrics
- Occupancy rate: 100%
- Vacancy Type: wp
The MODERNA team of the department of Agricultural Economics of the Ghent University is seeking a highly motivated PhD student for a 4 years position. MODERNA stands for Modelling and Optimisation of Decisions in Economics, Resources, Nature and Agriculture. The candidate will conduct scientific research in the EU project ‘Improved Nutrient and Energy Management through Anaerobic Digestion (INEMAD)’. The current biomass and food production relies very heavily on the external input of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus, produced by or harvested from fossil sources. The INEMAD project will analyse options to improve the recycling of nutrients and to make food, fibre and biomass production more sustainable (www.inemad.eu). The PhD candidate will focus on the modelling of the different technological options and their economic and environmental impact. The research in this project together with the research from other (European) and consultancy projects in the domain of agricultural and natural resources combined with econometric modelling will eventually result in a PhD at the Ghent Doctoral School (http://www.ugent.be/doctoralschools/en). This main task of research will alternate with disseminating your scientific findings and supervising dissertations of Master students. What we offer you: The position consists of a fulltime, four-year PhD position at Ghent University. We offer you the possibility to work in an academic environment with a dynamic atmosphere at one of the best ranked universities in Belgium (top 3) and worldwide (top 200). Our work is published in top journals such as the European Review of Agricultural Economics, Energy Policy, Journal of Economic Policy Reform, and Food Policy… Furthermore the different European projects gives you access to a broad European network. You get the opportunity to participate in national and international projects, to follow seminars and to present the research in Belgium and abroad to different stakeholders: policy makers, scientists, NGOs…
The Ghent University offers a unique world-class multidisciplinary PhD training programme. This provides students with in-depth, advanced research training, as well as training in professional and transferable skills.
- You are interested and want to broaden your knowledge about agriculture, nutrient management, technological processes for agro-based conversion of biomass into energy and nutrient recovery and related policy.
- You have some affinity with economic optimization, environmental impact assessment and policy simulation.
- Proficiency in English is a prerequisite.
- Experience with modelling software such as GAMS, R, Matlab, … is an advantage.
- You can work independently, are able to develop your own ideas and know how to communicate them. However you will ask for guidance and feedback whenever needed. You take your responsibility, meet deadlines and are persistent.
How to apply
The application (in English) should include:
- A motivation letter (maximum 1 page)
- curriculum vitae
- contact information (e-mail) of at least one referee
These documents should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com before the 15th of February.
Source: Ghent University, Belgium
|Post Title:||Teagasc Post Doctoral Research Fellow Level 1 (PD1)|
|HR Reference No:||PD1/PB/0114|
|Research Area:||Food Research|
|Eligibility:||PhD in a relevant discipline with up to 3 years’ (max.) relevant experience.|
|Project Title:||Development of high protein bars as vehicles for functional ingredient delivery|
|Post Duration:||12 months|
|Location:||Teagasc Food Research Moorepark|
|Reports To:||Head of Department and/or other designated manager|
|Training Rate:||Appointment will be at the minimum point of the Post Doctoral Level 1 (PD1) scale (€33,975).
The current PD1 scale is as follows:
Increments will be awarded annually* subject to performance and completion of the prescribed training plan.
Note: Exceptional circumstances may apply for candidates with current or previous service in the public sector. *Remuneration and the annual cycle for the payment of increments may be adjusted from time to time in line with Government policy.
of the post:
|The project builds on outcomes of preceding work with the specific aim to produce nutrient-dense protein products as delivery systems for functional and nutraceutical ingredients. The technical challenges to be addressed include:
|Background:||The Teagasc post-doctoral programme provides training and development opportunities for early career scientists that enhances their experience of learning and equips them with the necessary skills for the next stage of their chosen career in research.
The Teagasc post-doctoral programme provides training and development opportunities for early career scientists that enhances their experience of learning and equips them with the necessary skills for the next stage of their chosen career in research. The Teagasc Food Programme at Moorepark encompasses many aspects of food science and technology: Food Processing and Functionality; Safety; Foods for Health; Food Cultures; and Food Quality & Structure.
The Teagasc Food Programme fosters science-based Innovation for the agri-food sector in a way that will lead to economic development and profitability through careful and targeted planning with a clear focus on the needs of the food industry.
Successful candidate work as integral members of a team of scientists involved in a highly competitive area using state-of-the art laboratory and pilot-scale facilities. The pre-commercial scale-up step utilises the extensive facilities and equipment of the Teagasc subsidiary, Moorepark Technology Ltd., in support of laboratory research to establish proof of concept, optimise process design and provide samples for formulation studies and clinical evaluation, where appropriate. Information generated during the course of the project is expected to lead to the development of innovative functional food ingredient concepts, which will require a proactive engagement with commercial interests to assess marketability.
This is a research focused training role the primary purpose of which is to provide early career scientists with the opportunity to develop their research skills and competencies in such areas as developing a research programme, project and budgetary management, developing and maintaining active collaboration with relevant national and international research communities, processes of publication in peer-reviewed academic journals, writing grant applications, attracting external funding, and the mentorship of graduate/post-graduate students. The PD Fellow will conduct a specified programme of research supported by a modular training programme under the supervision and direction of Head of Department or other designated manager.
Duties & Responsibilities specific to this project:
As a 1-year project which builds on the outcomes of a preceding project, the candidate will be required to take responsibility for the day to day running of the project and execution of experimental work under supervision of the PIs.
This includes first becoming acquainted with existing optimised formulations, and process know-how before undertaking adaptations i.e. inclusion of prebiotic and probiotics. Hence, the candidate is required to be responsible for procurement of consumables, analyses, supervision of assigned technical staff and interpretation of research findings.
The commercial imperative of this FIRMplus-funded project demands that the project engage proactively with commercial interests regarding technologically innovative outputs. The selected candidate is expected to participate in such technological transfer activities with the help of the Teagasc TTO.
Additional Duties & Responsibilities:
- To interpret research findings and prepare scientific and popular press publications.
- To disseminate research findings to a variety of audiences as appropriate.
- To assist Teagasc in meeting the commitments of the Quality Customer Service Charter and action plan.
- To comply with all relevant Teagasc policies and procedures.
- To actively participate in the Teagasc Post Doctoral Fellowship programme and review processes, and to undertake all Post Doctoral fellowship training and associated duties as agreed in the Training & Development Plan.
- To take up additional duties as they may arise and be assigned by management.
This section outlines the qualifications, skills, knowledge and/or experience that the successful candidate would be required to demonstrate for successful discharge of the responsibilities of the post. Applications will be assessed on how well candidates satisfy these criteria.
- PhD in Food Science & Technology
- Relevant research experience not to exceed 3 years’ post-PhD
- Demonstrated research and technical expertise in ingredient functionality and/or formulation
- Evidence of research activity (publications, conference presentations, awards) and future scholarly output (working papers, research proposals etc)
- Excellent project management, analytical, report writing and data analysis skills
- An ability to collaborate with team members and PhD students to help build research knowledge and skill and to guide professional development
- Excellent communication skills (oral, written, presentation) with an ability to enable effective knowledge and technology transfer
- Ability to generate new ideas, unique concepts, models and solutions
- Experience in ingredient research and innovation and consequences for food formulation
- Experience in setting own research agenda
- Evidence of teamwork and collaboration with relevant partners
Further Information for Candidates
Completed application forms should be TYPED and saved in WORD format and submitted by email to firstname.lastname@example.org later than 12 midnight on Thursday 6th February 2014.
Please state relevant reference code in all correspondence.
Teagasc is an equal opportunities employer. Canvassing will disqualify.
- Download the Word application form (231KB, Word format).
Funded by the FP7 Marie Curie European Industrial Doctorate program: Max-CROP
Five ESR positions of 3 years duration are available with NIAB-Trading, Cambridge, UK within the Max-CROP program, in partnership with Wageningen University and Research Centre (WU), The Netherlands. Each ESR candidate will be registered for a PhD at Wageningen University, where they will carry out 50% of their research, having a PhD supervisor at NIAB and WU. In addition to the 3 year research project each ESR will be enrolled in a program of technical and complementary skills training organised as part of the Max-CROP program.
NIAB-Trading (www.niab.com) is a UK-based SME whose primary purpose is providing excellent, independent science-based research and information to support, develop and promote agriculture and horticulture; helping the industry to fulfil its potential in supplying food and renewable resources, while respecting the natural environment. WU (www.wageningenur.nl/en), founded in 1918 is a world leading education and research centre in agricultural-related sciences, providing PhDs in the fields of life and food science, and natural resources.
The 5 PhD research projects available are:
ESR (1): “Would non-host resistance in barley prove a source of durable, race-nonspecific resistance for wheat”
ESR (2): “Development of wheat varieties with reduced gluten toxicity, increasing safety for celiac disease patients”
ESR (3): “Application of a Multiparent Advanced Generation Intercross (MAGIC) in wheat genetics and breeding”
ESR (4): “Population and pathogenicity dynamics of the Brassica pathogen Verticillium longisporum”
ESR (5): “Emerging plant diseases: reducing the impact of Alternaria species on potato production”
For full ESR project descriptions visit www.niab.com.
We are looking for highly motivated, enthusiastic researchers with a very high standard of English skills, spoken and written.
All projects are strongly interdisciplinary and require candidate’s with good communication and writing skills. The candidates must not have resided or carried out their main activity in the UK for more than 1 year in the past 3 years, short stays such as holidays are not taken into account. The candidates should not already have a PhD, have a 1st degree which in The Netherlands gives access to a PhD program and must have less than 4 years research experience since completing their qualifying 1st degree. Each ESR will receive a competitive salary and mobility allowance as defined for ESRs by the FP7 Marie Curie, Initial Training Network programs.
Following the European Commission’s Guidelines for Equality between women and men the Max-CROP management team supports the promotion of women in the European Research Area, and encourages applications from women.
To apply, please send by email a cover letter identifying which project/s you are interested in and why, describing your suitability for the position, a detailed CV, and the name and address of two referees to support your application to email@example.com by clicking the APPLY button below,
If you wish to have more details regarding specific ESR projects please send your request to the Max-CROP coordinator Dr Lesley A. Boyd at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The advertisement will remain open until suitable candidates are found. Interviews will be held in Wageningen, The Netherlands, starting early in 2014.
|We are looking for a PhD student to analyse soil management strategies and ecosystem services. The ability of soil systems to sustain vegetation and provide all kind of ecosystems services, such as water regulation and healthy environment for organisms, is threatened by deterioration of soil structure and loss of soil organic matter. Farming systems applying alternative soil management strategies may substantially improve soil system functioning, increase resilience to deal with extreme weather conditions and raise nutrient use efficiency.
To assess the overall sustainability of farming systems, calculated nutrient use efficiencies at farm level need to be integrated into a whole-farm life cycle assessment, including off-farm environmental impacts. Such assessments however do currently not include soil functioning at the farm level. The recently developed BCS (BodemConditieScore) indicator provides the possibility to assess soil functioning at farm level. It involves the characterisation of key indicators of soil quality and accounts for within-farm spatial soil heterogeneity.
The successful applicant for this position will: 1) refine and apply the BCS indicator for soil functioning at farm level, 2) perform an “improved” life cycle assessment to compare various farming strategies and 3) update and apply the ecohydrological model SWAP using collected field and management data to explore effects of conventional and improved soil management practices on ecosystem services. This research will take place in two Dutch landscapes; one dominated by arable farming and one dominated by dairy farming.
|A candidate with an MSc degree or equivalent in soil science, agronomy, hydrology or environmental sciences. You have a proven interest in research problems defined in the agricultural domain. You speak and write fluent Dutch and English, you communicate efficiently and excel in problem solving. You have experience in using GIS software and are familiar with statistical techniques to process data. In addition, you are a team-player and are highly effective in time and project planning. The activities involve amongst others field work, laboratory analyses, modeling and supporting education.|
|We offer a fulltime employment (38 hours a week) as PhD researcher within the Soil Geography and Landscape Group for 18 months with a possible extension of 30 months after a positive evaluation. The gross salary will increase from € 2083 in the first year up to € 2664 per month in the fourth year (based on fulltime employment). In addition, we offer a holiday bonus of 8% and an end-of-the-year bonus of 8.3% of your annual salary.|
|Additional information about this vacancy can be obtained from Dr.ir. Gerard Heuvelink,email@example.com telephone: +31 (0) 317-482716/483723.How to apply
Interested? Don’t email directly to the person mentioned above. Please use the website to apply and upload your CV and a short motivation letter.Procedure
Interviews with selected applicants are scheduled for December 11th 2013
|The mission of the Soil Geography and Landscape Group (SGL) of Wageningen University is to improve and share understanding of soil patterns and landscape dynamics. We take an integrative approach that combines biophysical and human elements to gain insights in past, present and future system dynamics and to support sustainable land management.Wageningen University and Research Centre
Delivering a substantial contribution to the quality of life. That’s our focus – each and every day. Within our domain, healthy food and living environment, we search for answers to issues affecting society – such as sustainable food production, climate change and alternative energy. Of course, we don’t do this alone. Every day, 6,500 people work on ‘the quality of life’, turning ideas into reality, on a global scale.
The University of Göttingen has position openings for 12 Doctoral Researchers in Agricultural / Development Economics to join the Research Training Group (RTG) 1666 “Transformation of Global Agri-Food Systems” (GlobalFood) funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). The positions are available from April 2014. Contracts will initially be for one year, with renewal option for a total of up to three years. The salary is in accordance with the German public service salary scale (E 13 TV L) with 60% of the regular working hours (23.34h) for the first year and 65% (25.29h) for the remaining two years.
The GlobalFood RTG carries out research on restructuring agricultural markets, including the growing role of international food standards, changing consumer preferences, and the rapid expansion of supermarkets. Projects analyze the implications for supply chain governance, international trade flows, market efficiency, and impacts on rural poverty, food security, and nutrition in developing countries. In terms of methodologies, innovative econometric and experimental economics approaches are used. The research and training activities are carried out in cooperation with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington DC. The doctoral researcher positions are based in Göttingen (Germany), but will require international travel for data collection and exchange with collaborators.
Successful candidates will have an outstanding Master degree (or equivalent) in agricultural economics, agribusiness, development economics, general economics, or a related discipline, strong analytical skills, experience with quantitative research methods, proven interest in topics related to GlobalFood, strong computer skills, and excellent command of the English language. Experience with data collection in an international context will be a plus.
The University of Göttingen strives to increase its proportion of female staff and specifically encourages qualified women to apply. Disabled persons with corresponding aptitude for the positions will be favored.
Screening of applications will begin on 15 December 2013 and will end when the positions are filled. Further details about the RTG and the application procedure via the Online Application Portal can be found on the GlobalFood website (www.uni-goettingen.de/globalfood).
Applications are only possible using the Online Application Portal:
The following 8 pdf documents are required to be uploaded:
- Motivation letter (max 400 words), indicating your specific interest in the RTG and highlighting your personal strengths for the respective position.
- Curriculum Vitae, including a list of publications (if any) and experience with statistical software.
- Full academic record (Certificates + Transcript of record of B.Sc. + M.Sc. or equivalent). Provide a copy of the original and an English translation if documents are not in English or German. If M.Sc. is still ongoing, provide an overview of grades.
- Certificate and Transcript of record of final secondary-school examination (A-Level, Abitur, European Baccalaureate or equivalent).
- Proof of English language skills: certificate (if language of instruction at university was other than English) or provide explanation (if language of instruction at university was English). The University accepts the following proofs: www.uni-goettingen.de/en/107150.html.
- Abstract (max 250 words) of last thesis written (B.Sc. or M.Sc. or equivalent), including thesis title.
- One recent writing sample (for example working paper, full thesis).
- Names and full contact details (incl. phone and email) of two academic reference persons.
Please name the documents in the following way (using your own surname and first name):
- All uploaded documents should be pdf files. Each document should not be larger than 10 MB, all documents together should not exceed 100 MB.
- In order to access the online application you need to accept the Security-Certificate edited by DFN (Deutsches Forschungs-Netz) using the Deutsche Telekom Root Certificate.
- Some browsers delete all entries after using the back-to-form-button. Please ensure that all data are preserved before sending the data. This also holds for the upload areas.
- If the application process is interrupted for any reason, all data will be lost and a new application must be filled.
- After an application has been submitted, changes are no longer possible.